The next step for WILPF is to translate these figures into useful measures by continuing to monitor peace processes and participation. WILPF will continue to work with the Graduate Institute to ensure that practitioners make as much use of scientific contributions to research as possible. 14 In order to examine the relationship between the peace agreement and peace-building, this section briefly discusses six cases: Sudan (north-south), Guatemala, Nepal, Liberia, the Democratic Republic of Congo and Angola. Sudan, Guatemala and Nepal are cases where economic provisions have been dealt with in detail, or at least in part, unlike Liberia, the Democratic Republic of Congo and Angola, where they have been presented only in a tangential manner. The selection of cases should also reflect the fact that armed conflicts in Angola, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Liberia and Sudan were marked by economics, while they were less important in Guatemala and Nepal. The case studies first examine how economic issues are included in the respective peace agreements, and then examine the consequences they have had on post-conflict peace-building. 58 This article examined the potential to include economic provisions in peace agreements to promote sustainable peace-building. He stressed the importance of including economic provisions in peace agreements and creating a framework for post-conflict economic governance. Economic arrangements are also a strategy to integrate potential spoilers into a peace process, making them sensitive to the opportunities offered by the economy after conflict. In addition, the integration of economic provisions also promotes the sustainability of a peace agreement when economic issues were part of the incompatibilities between the parties. Issues relating to land and oil property rights in Sudan and economic marginalization in Nepal have stressed that economic incompatibilities, if left unresolved, can foster the renewal of armed conflicts. For economic provisions to be effective, they must avoid the reprocessing of an economic situation that has already contributed to the outbreak of armed conflict.

29The danger of this approach is that the much-needed economic peace dividends – employment and income opportunities for marginalized groups – are unlikely to happen quickly. The parties have very different perspectives on economic development. These differences can lead to a long political debate that delays an agreement on economic reforms and the economic dividends of peace. While this may lead in the long term to the consolidation of a political system – comparable to Guatemala – a major source of discontent remains unchanged in the short term. As a result, the agreement may lose the support of marginalized groups and lead to protests or even a resumption of low-intensity conflicts. The Protests of the Madhesis people in January 2007 underscore the potential threats to peace due to the continuing marginalization in Nepal after the conflict [29]. 59 However, functionally, the integration of economic provisions into peace agreements is the art of the possible. Economic provisions are included in peace agreements where the parties authorize their admission or are vulnerable to pressure from third parties to be on the agenda. The emphasis on economic arrangements in bad circumstances can lead to the failure of peace processes. If the debate on the economy goes to the heart of a party`s organizational structure, the insistence on the inclusion of economic provisions may encourage the parties to stay away from or leave the negotiating table.