a r e n n t is p r o m o e o s o s n s i a t o n t. “Displaystyle agreement-promised consideration.” In the case of Dularia Devi v. Janardan Singh (1990), an illiterate woman put her stamp on two documents in which she believed that both should give property to their daughters. Later, she discovered that the second document was to deceive her over her property. Although this was a unilateral error by the illiterate, given that consent to this agreement was obtained through fraud and the woman was not aware of the nature of the transaction, the contract was quashed by the courts. In the case of Smith vs. Hughes (1870), the applicant agreed to purchase some oats from the defendant, who believed they were old if they were in fact new. It was found that the defendant could not process the contract on the basis that he had erred on the age of the oats. Sometimes the purpose of the contract is extinguished before the agreement has been reached, and the contracting parties may not be aware of it. If the purpose of the contract does not exist, it is considered that the contract has been cancelled and that the agreement would therefore be considered null and void. Section 21 of the Act states that a contract cannot be characterized as null and forth simply because one of the contracting parties has erred in a contract law case. Therefore, a unilateral error does not affect the validity of the treaty and cannot constitute grounds for the cancellation of the contract in court.

An agreement must be supported by legal scrutiny on both sides. An important consideration must include:- There must therefore be an agreement that should be applicable by law. For example, an Indian company agrees to sell 200 doses of a particular mixture containing 45% sulphuric acid to an American company. The country`s law had prohibited the purchase and sale of mixtures containing more than 30% sulphuric acid. This is considered an error of foreign law and, therefore, the contract is cancelled. It was found that there was a unilateral error by the applicants regarding the identity of the other party cancelling the contract and that, therefore, the title of the goods was not transferred to Blenkarn and therefore could not have been transferred to Cundy, which could have returned the goods to Lindsay and Co. 10. Contract 2 (i) non-negotiable: a contract is a non-negotiable contract if it is legally applicable to the choice of one or more parties (i.e. victims) and is not applicable by law to the choice of others or others. However, a false opinion about the value of the case that is the subject of the agreement is not characterized as an error of fact and is considered negligible for the agreement. 5.

Factual error (section 20): “If both parties to an agreement have an error as to a fact essential to the agreement, the agreement is not concluded.”